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Scientific contribution

JARPN/JARPNII

December 2016, Scientific contribution from JARPN/JARPN II (pdf file)


The Japanese Whale Research Program under Special Permit in the North Pacific (JARPN) was conducted between 1994 and 1999. The JARPN had two main objectives: a) determine the stock structure of common minke whale, and in particular to investigate whether or not the "W" stock exists and if so to estimate mixing rates between "O" and "W" stocks, and b) determine the feeding ecology of the common minke whale in the North Pacific.


The International Whaling Commission Scientific Committee (IWC SC) carried out a workshop in February 2000 to review data and results of JARPN. Report of this workshop can be found in the following web site:


http://www.icrwhale.org/pdf/workshop.pdf (final review)


JARPN II started with two feasibility surveys in 2000 and 2001. The first full survey started in 2002. The objectives of the JARPN II are the following: a) feeding ecology and ecosystem studies (prey consumption by cetaceans, prey preference of cetaceans, ecosystem modeling); b) monitoring environmental pollutant in cetaceans and the marine ecosystem (pattern of accumulation of pollutants in cetaceans, bioaccumulation process of pollutants through the food chain, relationships between chemical pollutants and cetacean health), and c) stock structure of large whales (common minke whale, Bryde's whale, sei whale and sperm whale).


The IWC SC carried out a review of the data and results collected by JARPN II in its first six years (2002-2007) in January 2009. Report of this workshop can be found in the following website:


http://www.icrwhale.org/pdf/workshop2.pdf


The IWC SC carried out a final review workshop of JARPN II in February 2016. The report of this workshop can be found in the following website:


http://www.icrwhale.org/pdf/workshop3.pdf


Scientific contribution of JARPN/JARPN II

Scientific contribution of JARPN/JARPN II has been made in different forms, as scientific documents for the IWC/SC meetings and other scientific meeting of intergovernmental organizations, as publications in peer reviewed journals, and as oral presentations at scientific symposiums.


The following table shows the number of IWC SC and other meetings documents, peer-reviewed publications, and oral presentations at scientific symposium based on JARPN/JARPN II sample/data, by year.


Year IWC SC documents Peer reviewed publications Oral presentations at symposia
1994 1 0 0
1995 5 0 2
1996 7 3 5
1997 5 6 2
1998 3 4 3
1999 3 2 3
2000 40 2 10
2001 6 1 11
2002 12 5 12
2003 7 4 22
2004 11 5 12
2005 13 6 12
2006 6 4 16
2007 6 11 10
2008 3 4 9
2009 55 8 7
2010 26 7 24
2011 6 20 7
2012 9 4 4
2013 5 5 2
2014 4 5 2
2015 5 1 6
2016 50 5 4
Total 288 112 185

The list of the IWC SC and other meetings documents, and peer-reviewed papers derived from JARPN/JARPN II is shown in the Appendix 1, by year. An asterisk (*) indicates those papers published in peer-reviewed journals. Documents or peer-reviewed publications having as a first author a foreign scientist commonly followed a data request or collaboration research agreement with ICR. In a few cases foreign scientists have used published data from JARPN or JARPN II in their analyses and papers, without a formal agreement with ICR. These cases are indicated by a symbol (&).


Documents and publications based on lethal and non-lethal sample/data

In the list there is an indication on whether the document or publication is based on lethal or non-lethal sampling and whether it was carried out by Japanese or foreign scientists as the first author (symbols in red after each document or publication). The category does not include review papers, comments papers, etc. A summary of the information is shown in the table below:


L-J L-F NL-J L,NL-J
195 20 59 75

Note: L-J= document or publication based on lethal sampling by Japanese scientists; L-F= lethal, foreign scientist; NL-J= non-lethal, Japanese scientist; L,NL-J= lethal and non-lethal, Japanese scientist. The latter category includes cruise reports and some genetic analyses based on both lethal and biopsy sampling. ‘Japanese’/‘Foreign’ classification is according to the nationality of the first author in the documents, except in the case of one foreign scientist in the ICR who was in the category ‘Japanese’ in this document.


University theses

JARPN/JARPN II sample/data have been used in pre-graduated, master and doctoral theses. The number of theses by year is indicated in the following table:


Year Pre-graduated Master Doctor
1995 1
1996
1997 4
1998
1999 3
2000 2
2001 1
2002 1 1 1
2003 2
2004 2 2 1
2005 1 5 1
2006 1 2 2
2007 4 1 1
2008 2 1
2009 3 4
2010 1 2 3
2011 5 4 1
2012 1 1 1
2013 1 2 2
2014 2 1
2015 3 1 2
2016 3
Total 27 42 16

Other scientific contribution

JARPN/JARPN II data/samples have been used also in chapters of books, local bulletin of ICR (Geiken Tsushin) and Suisan Shigen Kanri Danwakaihou.


JARPN/JARPN II biological material such as whale skeletons has been provided to municipal museums.


Data access and availability

All the data and samples obtained by JARPN/JARPN II have been available to the national and international scientific community through established data access protocols. Appendix 2 shows the data access protocol of ICR, which can also be found at the IWC SC web page.

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